Alias / Fusil Series
Volume 2 of Campos de Acción is comprised of three essays by Shinichiro Osaki, Hubert Klocker and Guy Brett. In “El cuerpo y el espacio: la acción en el arte japonés de la posguerra” [“Body and Place: Action in Postwar Art in Japan], Shinichiro Osaki assesses Japanese art of the 1950s and 1960s and describes it as a movement guided by its own contextual needs and concerns without Western theories and trends. The art produced at that time, by the Gutai group based in Tokyo and Osaka and by the groups of artists coming from the Yomiuri Indépendant exhibitions at the Museum of Metropolitan Art of Tokyo, emphasized the relationship between art and action.
Hubert Klocker in his text “La expresión y el objeto. Liberación como Aktion: un componente europeo del arte de performance” [“Gesture and the Object: Liberation as Aktion: a European Component of Performative Art”] talks of the ephemeral quality of action art and of the different levels at which it is received and the ways it is documented, in which presence is transmitted through media and residual objects.
Klocker also writes about the property of the artwork as a simultaneous interaction between communication and enigma produced by aesthetic objects charged with meaning and their insertion into the context of art history, social history and political history. The author cites different critics and thinkers such as Vilém Flusser, Eric Hobsbawn, Barnett Newman, Antonin Artaud and Boris Groys among others, and looks at Russian art of the 1970s by the Group of Collective action and Viennese Actionism.
Lastly, Guy Brett in his essay “Estrategias vitales: visión de conjunto y selección. Buenos Aires-Londres-Río de Janeiro-Santiago de Chile, 1960-1980” [Life Strategies: Overview and Selection. Buenos Aires-London-Rio de Janiero- Santiago de Chile, 1960-1980”], talks about the relationship between the subject and the object in performance art in these contexts, emphasizing the personal nature of his approach to the analysis of such practices.
The final section is a timeline and covers from 1959 to 1968.